On roads and on water
The general adoption of fully electric buses is still some years away, but a gradual transition to cleaner vehicles relying on various hybrid solutions is underway. In some countries, electric drives are being installed in small ferries carrying passengers and vehicles to cut pollution from diesel engines on inland waterways.
Meanwhile, in additional steps to cut reliance on fossil fuels and pollution, small battery-powered driverless vehicles are being introduced for home deliveries and so-called energy independent vehicles propelled entirely by on-board conversion of wind, sun, waves and other ambient energy sources, are being developed.
Fully electric soon?
While public urban transportation is slowly but surely moving towards the electrification of its fleet, and while hybrid cars have successfully entered the market, fully electric cars are still seen as a niche market, albeit a growing one. However, manufacturers and engineers are working hard to solve several crucial issues that keep customers from going all electric. Batteries for instance: R&D is going full speed on the development of low-cost, long-life, energy-dense and high-power batteries that would take drivers farther than the current average range offered by today’s personal electric vehicles (EVs).
With technologies evolving at such a rapid pace, it is nevertheless certain that the trend towards full electric vehicles will not plateau soon.