White Paper: Orchestrating infrastructure for sustainable Smart Cities
Orchestrating infrastructure for sustainable Smart Cities is the fifth in a series of White Papers whose purpose is to ensure that the IEC can contribute to solving global challenges through its International Standards and Conformity Assessment services.
By 2050, it is projected that 67% of the global population will live in cities. Smart Cities are necessary to reduce emissions and to handle this rapid urban growth. Rapid population growth and urbanization, the depletion of natural resources and human impact on the environment require more intelligent and sustainable solutions that allow cities to move towards greater smartness.
Many of these solutions involve complex systems of systems. They require the involvement and collaboration of many stakeholders, including other international standardization bodies that will not only focus on technology but also take societal and economic needs into account.
IEC role in enabling Smart Cities
Electricity is core in any urban infrastructure system and the key enabler of cities development, so IEC has a specific role to play in the development of Smart City Standards. Delivering the full value of Standards to accelerate the development of Smart Cities and lower its costs also clearly needs a strong collaboration of all city stakeholders.
The development of this White Paper was led by the IEC MSB project team on Smart Cities in cooperation with project partner CEPS (Centre for European Policy Studies).
White Paper: Internet of Things: Wireless Sensor Networks
Internet of Things: Wireless Sensor Networks is the sixth in a series of IEC White Papers. This White Paper discusses the use and evolution of WSN (wireless sensor networks) within the wider context of the Internet of Things. It provides a review of WSN applications, while also focusing the attention on infrastructure technologies, applications and standards featured in WSN designs.
Integral part of modern life
Today, Smart Grid, smart manufacturing, smart homes, smart water networks and intelligent transportation are infrastructure systems that connect our world more than we ever thought possible.
While research on WSN started in the 1980s, it's in the last decade that WSNs have generated greater interest from both industrial and research perspectives. The idea of the IoT (Internet of Things) was developed in parallel to WSNs, and refers to uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an “internet-like” structure. While IoT does not assume a specific communication technology, wireless communication technologies will play a major role in the roll-out of the IoT. WSNs will proliferate many applications and many industries.
The development of this White Paper was led by the IEC MSB project team on Wireless Sensor Networks in cooperation with project partner NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) of the US.
White Paper: Microgrids for disaster preparedness and recovery
Microgrids for disaster preparedness and recovery: With electricity continuity plans and systems, the fourth in a series of White Papers by the IEC MSB, considers preparation for and recovery from major electricity outages, with a focus on customer-side measures. It examines how disaster preparedness and post disaster recovery may benefit from Standards and the design of plans for coordinated activity.
While they are often seen as a means of encouraging the take-up of renewable energy and addressing challenges of peak demand, microgrids can make a significant contribution to disaster preparedness and recovery.
Learning from recent disasters
Microgrids are a solution to many of the issues identified in the disaster review. By relying on a variety of generators, a microgrid system avoids many of the single-point-of failure issues of the traditional electricity grid. Key suggestions encourage the operation of microgrids and the implementation of Standards to assist disaster relief planning. Business continuity planning, electricity continuity planning and electricity continuity systems are also examined as solutions for disaster preparedness and recovery.
The development of this White Paper was led by the IEC MSB project team on microgrid disaster preparedness and recovery in cooperation with project partner CSIRO (the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) of Australia and AIST (the Japanese National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology).
The IEC MSB
The IEC Market Strategy Board brings together the CTOs of leading international organizations, with a chairman and (ex officio) the IEC Officers. Reporting to the IEC CB (Council Board), the MSB sets strategies to maximize input from primary markets and establishes priorities for the technical and conformity assessment work of the IEC, improving the Commission's response to the needs of innovative and fast-moving markets.