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An organization’s legal responsibilities have always depended on its geographical location or, sometimes, the geographical origins of the data, but the world is becoming a smaller place. The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), for example, has transformed the way data is treated everywhere, as businesses opt to avoid the additional costs of managing different data regimes. Comparable laws giving local residents more control over their data are starting to come into effect in other countries. For example, the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) gives their residents the power to demand the deletion of information.
The main aim of ISO/IEC 20547-3:2020, Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 3: Reference architecture, is to facilitate a shared understanding across multiple products, organizations, and disciplines about current architectures and future direction.
A recent article in Science Robotics suggests that robots could be effective resources in combating COVID-19. They can be used for disinfection, to deliver medicine and food and measure vital signs. A hospital at the epicentre of the COVID-19 outbreak in northern Italy is giving us a glimpse of what is possible.
Reserve a table, purchase a plane ticket, pay a bill and receive all confirmations, tickets and receipts electronically. We’ve grown accustomed to the convenience and ease of carrying out many paperless transactions on our devices, wherever we are in the world.
In today’s world of ultra-smart technology, being smart doesn’t only mean being well connected, but also well protected against security breaches. While that is an aspect that individuals must consider, it has become a vital and non-negotiable factor for industry at large.
The IECEE Industrial Cyber Security Programme enables manufacturers to demonstrate that their industrial automation equipment complies with regulations.
The old saying “a picture is worth a thousand words” could not be more apt in today’s visual world.
The 2019 Qingdao Forum on International Standardization was held on 27-29 October, under the guidance of IEC, ISO, ITU, the Standards Administration of China (SAC) and the People's Government of Shandong Province.
The incident at the Lubrizol chemical plant in Rouen, France, is a powerful reminder that the most drastic safety measures are a must in explosive (Ex) environments.
Innovative technologies, driven by AI and big data have the potential to save and improve lives around the world, but only if the right data, analysed correctly, is used.
In April, the board of ANCE appointed Juan Rosales as its new President, the youngest in the association’s history. With this appointment, ANCE, the leading association for standardization and conformity assessment in Mexico, implements its vision of integrating a new generation of leaders in strategic management positions. Considering that Rosales began his career as an apprentice at ANCE, his appointment is an achievement for experts who are committed to a career in standardization.
According to the Renewable Capacity Statistics 2019 report by International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), 2018 closed with a total renewable energy generation capacity of 2 351 GW, up by 171 GW on the previous year. Of this amount, wind, solar and marine energy, accounted for 564 GW, 480 GW and 500 MW respectively.
In parts of Asia, North and South America, Europe and Africa, digital technologies are enabling students to learn more effectively and from entirely new perspectives.
To achieve this, in 2015, United Nations Member States adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Wael Diab, who is leading international efforts to standardize artificial intelligence (AI), has identified the mitigation of data bias as a priority challenge for eventual future standards work. Diab recently told the IEC General Meeting, in Busan, South Korea, that a broad standardization approach is necessary.
In recent months, a number of international studies and reports have highlighted an alarming increase in cyber attacks targeting the supply chain. One such survey, conducted in the Americas, Asia and Europe, suggests that in the past year two thirds of companies have experienced a cyber attack on their supply chain.
“IECRE certification will de-risk the investments of financial institutions in large renewable energy projects at insignificant cost”, according to Sandy Butterfield, Chair of IECRE, who talked about the benefits of the conformity assessment system at a promotional event held during the China Wind Power 2018 event. “Financial investors benefit the most from IECRE certification, yet of all the stakeholders, they are probably the least aware of the benefits”, Butterfield added.
As with any other day, you wake up, check the smart phone, read emails, note sleep quality, get the real-time weather update and dress accordingly, adjust your smart home settings from an app, jump in the car, ask your virtual personal assistant for your agenda, read news on phone in train, pay some bills and all before arriving at work.
In his address to Council, Frans Vreeswijk, IEC General Secretary & CEO, reminded the audience that electrotechnology is essential in addressing broad societal challenges, such as universal energy access, more efficient use of energy, smart urbanization, climate change mitigation, digitization, cyber security, to name but a few. “Our vision is to have IEC work used everywhere to make the world more efficient and a safer place for everyone. To remain broadly relevant and avoid duplication, we need to cooperate extensively between technical committees in the IEC and with other organizations”, underlined Vreeswijk.
Imagine being able to predict medical conditions in healthy people and take steps to prevent them before symptoms develop, or having fully autonomous systems monitor critical patients in intensive care units instead of requiring a team of specialists.
IECRE, the IEC System for Certification to Standards Relating to Equipment for Use in Renewable Energy Applications, has established a new mechanism, which will allow applications from renewable energy test laboratories (RETLs) that cover the power performance assessment of electricity producing tidal energy converters within IEC Technical Specification (TS) 62600-200.
Many countries around the world are working towards producing more power from and increasing the amount of renewables to be integrated into national energy supplies.
We use the expression “belt and braces” to mean that we are being extra careful about something. The idea is that if our belt breaks unexpectedly, our braces will ensure that our trousers stay up.
The fourth industrial revolution is blurring the traditional boundaries between the physical, digital and biological worlds.
International Standards for wearable electronics devices are now being actively worked on in a number of technical committees (TCs) within the IEC community.
Information technology has become an integral part of our lives whether it be in the consumer, industrial or commercial aspects. It is hard to imagine life, work or entertainment without it. Artificial intelligence (AI) presents the next digital frontier of the IT evolution.
When the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) comes into force, on 25 May, it will have a humongous impact on web properties all over the world. It will affect all organizations, wherever they keep their servers, if they provide EU citizens with any kind of information, content or service online.
Railways and metro systems have been the subject of a spate of cyber attacks in recent years. Although no major accidents or casualties have been reported so far, it is likely that the problem will get worse and affect safety. As train signalling and control systems move from what were essentially closed systems to open ones based on mobile communication and IP (internet protocol) technologies, cyber security becomes ever more important. IEC International Standards will play a major role in this sector.
Around the world, urban populations are booming. An estimated 54.5 percent of global populations lived in urban settlements in 2016 and this number is expected to increase to 60 by 2030, according to research by the United Nations.
IEC TC 117: Solar thermal electric plants, publishes its first two Technical Specifications (TS) on solar radiation data sets.
The ubiquitous internet of things (IoT) comprises billions of "sensorized" and connected devices and systems, which are used in many industries, including agriculture, energy management, healthcare, industrial automation, smart buildings, smart cities and transport.
As urban areas continue to grow, city planners face many challenges. In order to build the complex, compatible infrastructures required to achieve smarter and more sustainable environments, many stakeholders including standards development organizations (SDOs), will have to work together.
Our lives, work, and the way we take care of our health continue to evolve. The internet of things (IoT) and smart technology have disrupted industries as diverse as agriculture, construction, healthcare and industrial automation. They are already having an impact on the pet industry and how we treat domesticated animals.
The internet of things (IoT) is now in sharp focus for the technology industry and for standards development organizations, such as IEC, which publishes consensus-based International Standards and manages conformity assessment systems for electric and electronic products, systems and services, collectively known as electrotechnology.
The leading renewable source for electricity generation globally is hydropower. In 2016, it generated 16.4% of the world's electricity, reaching 1,064 GW of installed capacity, and supplied 71% of all renewable electricity, according to a report by the World Energy Council.
Alicja Haras, Secretary of IEC Technical Committee (TC) 27: Industrial electroheating and electromagnetic processing, looks back at the TC’s history.
Modern virtual reality (VR) technology has its origins in the military, and later gaming industries. Many sectors use VR applications to improve business and enhance workplace safety. Some examples include aerospace, advertising, automotive, broadcasting, construction, entertainment, medical, retail and tourism.
The world has never been more connected and surrounded by ICT. Whether we realize it or not, many aspects of ISO/IEC JTC 1 work affect daily life. From a smart toothbrush, animal tracking collar and household appliances, to health monitoring wearables and smart systems in buildings and transport, the list is endless.
The term "3D printing", also known as additive manufacturing, originally referred to a process that deposits a binder material onto a powder bed with inkjet printer heads layer by layer. Recently, it has been used increasingly to include a broader set of additive manufacturing techniques, such as directed energy deposition, material extrusion, material jetting, powder bed fusion, sheet lamination and photopolymerization.
Virtual reality (VR) applications are improving the workplace of diverse industries. From construction, military and mining, to training first responders, practising complex surgery, or enhancing classroom learning, the list of VR solutions being developed continues to grow.
As we transition into a smarter world, more buildings are becoming connected to improve overall efficiency. They incorporate new technologies, which manage everything from lighting, heating and energy, to security systems. Many functions, processes and systems of intelligent buildings are entirely dependent on network infrastructure, which must run smoothly and above all be secure.
Everyday activities, such as shopping, watching sport on TV or even the ways we work and learn are going to change profoundly in the coming years, as more industries, including education, use augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR).
Why are home use medical and wellness devices drawing so much attention and growing at an explosive rate? It could be argued that this results from the nexus of the Internet of Things (IoT), the “super-aging” of societies around the world (which is directly tied to patients wanting to be comfortable in their home environments instead of in sterile impersonal clinical environments), the portability of devices, the growth of wearable technologies, the increasing costs of healthcare and the huge regulatory burden/costs of obtaining approval by national regulators. Also, there has been significant growth in the number of standards and regulations that apply to medical devices, especially around software, health informatics, privacy and security issues.
During his address to Council, IEC General Secretary and CEO Frans Vreeswijk highlighted the main achievements since Minsk and talked about important ongoing projects.
Traditionally, women have not been encouraged to participate in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). As a result, a low number has made it into this field. Standards are meant to improve the safety and quality of products and services used by everyone. However, to achieve this, they must include the significant physiological differences between men and women and their potential impact in daily situations.
Today, electrical and electronic devices are the largest category of goods traded in the world, representing 17,7% of total trade value in 2015, according to UN Comtrade statistics. This doesn’t include lighting, photographic devices, aircraft and trains. IEC publishes the majority of International Standards for these devices and systems and around 80% of all European electrotechnical standards are identical to or based on IEC International Standards.
From home heating systems, smart medical devices and fridges that automatically replenish food items, to connected cars that guide drivers to free parking spots, increasingly IoT is a part of our daily lives. However, this technology is not new. Industrial applications, power generation, digitization, connectivity and automation have been around for many years and IEC has been working in these areas for some time.
On 30 and 31 March 2016, the first International Conference on Global Energy Interconnection (GEI) took place in Beijing, China. The event was initiated by State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Edison Institute and Caring for Climate (C4C), and co-organized among others with the IEC. Dr Shu, IEC Vice President and President of SGCC, and Frans Vreeswijk, IEC General Secretary & CEO, both presented how such a vision can be brought to reality, to an audience of more than 500 people.
On the way to the COP21 climate talks in Paris, Jeju Governor Won Hee-ryong made a stop at the IEC in Geneva. During the meeting the idea surfaced to sign an MoU to simplify the development of a carbon-free infrastructure for the Korean island, notably with the help of IEC International Standards.
A conference entitled ‘Using and referencing International Standards to support public policy’, was organized by IEC, ISO and UNECE at the United Nations, Geneva, in November. The attending 175 participants heard how International Standards help to support public policy and enable resilient world trade, policymaking, electrical energy efficiency, safety in the food and medical devices industries, as well as contribute significantly towards disaster risk reduction and sustainable development goals. Here are some of the highlights.
Hundreds of standards for Renewable Energy technology are now accessible in one easy-to-use platform.
The IEC regularly lends its support to key global and regional industry events allowing them to put forward IEC endorsement on their website and materials. We would like to draw your attention to several events that may be of interest to the IEC community.
Medical care rests on trust. Trust between patients and medical staff and trust of the latter the equipment they use for examining and treating patients. IEC International Standards are developed specifically to ensure medical electrical equipment and systems are safe to operate, for the well-being of patients and users alike.
Most people are familiar with the use of biometric identification systems – from fingerprints to voice recognition to iris scans – as elements of sophisticated security systems. The field of medical biometrics, however, is focused more on the collection of personal medical data and its use in diagnosis, research, and medical services development, rather than on security and identification.
Healthcare is undergoing nothing short of a revolution with key advances in long-established technologies and major development in new areas which all depend on electrotechnology.
In the electrotechnical domain, the importance industries or countries attach to a particular sector are good pointers to their actual participation in the work of IEC TCs (Technical Committees). The growing contribution of participants from the Asia-Pacific region in IEC TC 9: Electrical equipment and systems for railways, is a perfect example of this.
An international workshop was organized in Paris, France, on 8-9 March by IEC TC (Technical Committee) 8: Systems aspects for electrical energy supply. The purpose was to debate Smart Grid use cases to build up requirements from existing practices.