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The incident at the Lubrizol chemical plant in Rouen, France, is a powerful reminder that the most drastic safety measures are a must in explosive (Ex) environments.
As far back as 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that only about 50% of patients with chronic diseases living in developed countries follow treatment recommendations with particularly low rates of adherence to therapies for asthma, diabetes, and hypertension. Why would patients eschew taking their medication? Health conditions, particularly in older people, may be a factor, but poor health literacy, cost of prescription medicine, lack of trust between patient and healthcare provider or simply forgetfulness may also play a role in non-adherence to medication.
According to the Renewable Capacity Statistics 2019 report by International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), 2018 closed with a total renewable energy generation capacity of 2 351 GW, up by 171 GW on the previous year. Of this amount, wind, solar and marine energy, accounted for 564 GW, 480 GW and 500 MW respectively.
To achieve this, in 2015, United Nations Member States adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
2018 was a year of extreme weather. Some of the lowest and highest temperatures were recorded in both hemispheres, while gale-force winds fuelled wildfires in a number of regions and hurricane-strength typhoons caused severe flooding in others.
In recent months, a number of international studies and reports have highlighted an alarming increase in cyber attacks targeting the supply chain. One such survey, conducted in the Americas, Asia and Europe, suggests that in the past year two thirds of companies have experienced a cyber attack on their supply chain.
In 2007, when cautious doctors replaced a former US Vice President’s heart defibrillator, a battery-powered device placed under the skin to monitor heart rate, they modified it so it couldn't be hacked by terrorists, by having the manufacturer disable the wireless feature.
“IECRE certification will de-risk the investments of financial institutions in large renewable energy projects at insignificant cost”, according to Sandy Butterfield, Chair of IECRE, who talked about the benefits of the conformity assessment system at a promotional event held during the China Wind Power 2018 event. “Financial investors benefit the most from IECRE certification, yet of all the stakeholders, they are probably the least aware of the benefits”, Butterfield added.
We use the expression “belt and braces” to mean that we are being extra careful about something. The idea is that if our belt breaks unexpectedly, our braces will ensure that our trousers stay up.
Many countries around the world are working towards producing more power from and increasing the amount of renewables to be integrated into national energy supplies.
The global transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy is well under way, with record new additions of installed renewable energy capacity, thanks in part to rapidly falling costs, particularly for solar PV and wind power.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) Renewables 2017 Report highlights that new solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity grew globally by 50% in 2016, reaching over 74 GW. It also notes the significant point that for the first time, solar PV additions rose faster than any other fuel, surpassing the net growth in coal.
According to the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Renewables Market Report series for 2017, renewables accounted for almost two-thirds of net new power capacity around the world in 2016, thanks to a strong solar PV market. The Report forecasts that though coal will still be the largest source of electricity generation, renewables are expected to halve the gap down to 17% by 2022.
The leading renewable source for electricity generation globally is hydropower. In 2016, it generated 16.4% of the world's electricity, reaching 1,064 GW of installed capacity, and supplied 71% of all renewable electricity, according to a report by the World Energy Council.
Today, many devices and services found in homes, hospitals, the workplace and industry run off electricity. Such machines and equipment can be dangerous if they malfunction, causing explosions, fires or electrocuting users or anyone who comes into contact with them, in addition to damaging property.
Developed with the participation of industry players, including equipment manufacturers, power producers, insurance companies, test laboratories and certifying bodies, IECRE, the IEC System for Certification to Standards Relating to Equipment for Use in Renewable Energy Applications, streamlines a complex process and benefits not only the wind, but other renewable energy industries such as solar and marine.
Workers are increasingly mobile and a growing number of enterprises around the world provide their workforce with mobile devices such as tablets, phablets or smartphones. Moreover, many people favour tablets over laptops when traveling or doing field work. The Ex industry sector is no exception.
For many of us, switching a light on or off is such a routine task that we take it for granted. With the exception of extreme situations – major power outages – we’ve never had to worry about lighting in our homes offices, factories, streets, and so forth. But there are still millions of people with limited or no access to electricity who don’t have that privilege. The United Nations have declared 2015 the International Year of Light to raise awareness on the central role played by light-based technologies in providing solutions to global challenges in energy, education, agriculture and health.
In thousands of ways, new and smaller technologies are helping us move forward. From surgical tools that are smarter to toys that let us compete at playing tennis with someone around the world, electronics and their components are doing more than ever before.
Smart is the word. Appliances, multimedia equipment, security systems are all becoming more sophisticated, making life much easier and safer. All these devices and systems would not exist without electronic components. To accompany the rapid technological developments of recent years, electronic component manufacturers have been designing products that are smarter, smaller and offer enhanced performance and functionality.